Routing – Page 2 – POFTUT

Category: Routing

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Network Classless Inter Domain Routing (CIDR) Cheat Sheet

Internet and most of the network infrastructures uses IP Protocol. IP protocol uses IP addresses in order to connect different hosts and networks over globe. Classless Inter Domain Routing or CIDR is hierarchical IP addressing scheme used to set IP addresses to the hosts and network. Here we will learn how to calculate IP address, Network Address, Broadcast Address, Network Mask and provide these as cheat sheet. IP address, Network...

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How To Get Linux Network IP Address In Different Ways ?

We can determine Linux system IP address in different ways. IP address is used to communicate over network and can be get and set in different ways. In this tutorial we will use Ubuntu distribution but given examples and commands will work for all of the different Linux distribution like Fedora, CentOS, Debian, Kali, Mint, RHEL etc. Hostname Command IP Address hostname command is mainly used to show or set...

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What is Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) and How It Works?

Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is auxiliary protocol used by Internet Protocol (IP). ARP is defined with RFC826 and gained main stream over computer networks. ARP is used to resolve IP address with MAC or hardware address of the network interface. As we know MAC address is used to identify nodes in a local network. How ARP Works ARP resolution works very simple way. The source creates requests to get MAC...

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How To Setup FortiOS or FortiGate For The First Time By Setting Static IP For The Management Port?

FortiGate is successful Next Generation Firewall which provides a lot of features for to day needs. The Forti family have products from WAN optimizer to APT sandbox. In this tutorial we will look how to setup FortiGate or FortiOS for the first time. We assume we have all ready downloaded and imported into VMware or similar virtualization platform. Login From Console or CLI First we need to login from cli....

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TTL Expired In Transit Error and Solution

TTL is the short code for Time To Live. TTL is located in IP packets where it is used to hold the count of intermediate hops. TTL is value is set by source host. Windows operating system set it to 64 where Linux operating systems set to 128. Every router or intermediate host the packet pass will decrease the TTL value of the IP packet. TTL generally used with different...

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How To Do A Computer Ping Test Command To Check Network Connectivity?

Computer networking provides a lot of features for remote usage. But remote access may have some problems. Computer networks provides some basic tools in order to check and detect these problems. In this tutorial we will look some basic ping test in order to check network status. ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol is a network protocol designed to communicate between network hosts about network status. Ping test mostly uses ICMP...

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How To Download, Install Packet Tracer Into Windows?

Cisco Provides different level of certifications for its products and general network topics. We have all ready examined CCNA certifications in the following tutorial. What is CCNA or Cisco Certified Network Associate? Cisco certification exams mostly depends on practical experience. So a person who want to get certified needs practical experience. Here is a list of ways to get practical experience. At work Rent remote labs Using GNS3 similator Using...

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What is IP Address (Internet Protocol Address)?

In computer networks we need to give each host or system a unique number and/or name. This is the only way to make communication possible. In other ways there will be a lot of problems like collusion or miss interpretation. Most of the system uses IP addresses to communication over computer or IT networks. In this tutorial we will try to answer the question “What is IP address?” and details...

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Python Script Change Mac Address Periodically

In this tutorial we will look a simple but useful code that changes windows operating system Mac address. Mac address is the unique address that specifies the network interface. A general thought that mac addresses can be changed. But is it not true. Mac addressee is provided by the network card to the operations system network stack. But can be changed by operating system with sufficient privileges. Download Periodic-Mac-Changer From...

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What is Default Gateway and How To Find Current Default Gateway In Windows and Ubuntu?

Default gateway is a network term used to specify a special host which is used to to access other networks. Default gateway is also called as default route. One of the other popular use case for default gateway is using to access to the internet. Default Gateway IP Address Network administrators manages the default gateway IP address and they generally uses the first or last usable IP address in the...

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