Category: CISSP

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HMAC (Hach-based Message Authentication Code) Tutorial

Hash-based Authentication Message Code or HMAC is used to authenticate message with hash functions. Message authentication is important mechanism in cyber security and used to check message authenticity. There are different ways and mechanisms for Message Authentication. Message Message is the data, text, image or whatever else we want to...

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How To Find And Change SSH Port Number?

ssh  is default protocol used to manage remote systems which are mainly Linux and Network Devices. As it is working over network connection and uses TCP it has a default port number which is 22  . In this tutorial we will look how to change the default port number from...

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What Is Base64 and How To Encode and Decode Text?

Base64 is an encoding and decoding algorithm. We need encoding of some data in order to prevent storing and transmission problems. For example If we try to transfer binary data it may create and affect some network devices because of its data structures. Base64 is generally used different applications like...

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What Is OpenSSL Library?

OpenSSL is most popular open source cryptography library which provides a lot of tools, libraries, algorithms about cryptography. It is mostly known with Secure Socket Layers (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocols. Supported Encryption Algorithms Encryption is used to make given data unreadable by the intruders. It is mainly...

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How to Add Ssh Keys with ssh-add In Linux?

SSH protocol provides different ways for authentication. Key based authentication is the most secure one. In order to use key based authentication we should store the key in a command place. SSH agents reads keys and uses for authentication with remote system. We can use ssh-add to store keys in a...

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How To Recover Data with ddrescue Command?

ddrescue is a GNU provided data recovery tool.It can copy and recover file, directory or whole hard drive. The best part of the ddrescue is it can prevent or solve read errors. Install For Ubuntu, Debian, Kali and Mint We can install ddrescue tool for deb based distributions like below....

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