How To Create Directory In Linux Mkdir Tutorial?
Linux is all about directories. But how can we create directories in simple or complex way? How can we create directories in multi level at a single shot command? We will look examples of
mkdir command in this post.
mkdir [OPTION]... DIRECTORY...
We create a directory simple using mkdir and directory name. In this example we will create a directory named
$ mkdir test1
While creating a directory it can be set directory permission or mode with -m parameter.
$ mkdir -m=777 test2
Here we set user, group and others permissions and make this all can make read, write, execute which is secure this directory 😉
We may create multilevel directories where intermediate directories do not exists currently. This operation will also create intermediate directories. In this example we will create a directory hierarchy like test3/test4/test5 where they will be created in a row.
$ mkdir -p test3/test4/test5
While creating directories there will be no output about the operations. If we need to get more information or verbose output we can use
-v option. This will provide log for each operation for each directory creation.
$ mkdir -v -p test6/test7/test8
Set Selinux Context
Selinux provides extra layer for security. Directory related default context can be set by using
$ mkdir -Z test9