Linux file system consist of directories. A system administrator generally work with directories and related operations. In this tutorial we will look how to delete empty or nonempty linux directories.
Delete or Remove Empty Directory
We can remove or delete empty directories with
rmdir command. In this example we will remove the empty directory named
$ rmdir stuff
Delete Or Remove Empty and Multilevel Directory
If our empty directories are in hierarchical way we need to provide the
-p option like below. In this example we will use
-p and this will remote both
$ rmdir -p stuff/test/
Delete or Remove Non-Empty Directories Recursively
rmdir is used to remove and delete empty directories but what if the directories are not empty. In this situation we will use
rm command with some extra parameters.
-r option is used to remove files and directories recursively. In this example we will remove
rar directory and its child file and directories recursively.
$ rm -r rar
Delete or Remote Non-Empty Directories Forcibly
Some times some of the files and directories may have some problematic options. This situation may prevent deletion operation. We can use
-f option in order to remove forcibly way.
$ rm -rf rar
Remove with Sudo
If the files and folders we want to delete are owned by root or other user and we do not have required permissions we need to use
sudo will made the
rm command run as root user which has highest privileges.
$ sudo rm -r rar
Print Delete Operation Details with Verbose
While deleting the files and folders we may need detailed information about removal. We can save the delete logs. We should provide
-v option which creates verbose output.
$ rm -r -v rar