Arp is a protocol used to determine host IP addresses from their physical MAC or Ethernet address. Windows operating systems provides
arp command in order to manage arp related information. With
arp command we can display, add and remove arp entries in ARP cache.
ARP and IP entries are hold in ARP cache every time we want to communicate over network and need IP address we look to the ARP cache. ARP cache is populated with ARP request or manually with static ARP entries
ARP Entry Types
ARP cache have two type of entries. They are called
Dynamic ARP entry
Dynamic entries are populated by operating system after ARP request. The returned ARP responses are put into the ARP cache.
Static ARP Entry
Static entries are populated by manually without any network traffic and can be removed manually which means not deleted automatically after specific duration.
List and Display ARP Entries
We can list currently available ARP entries in cache with
-a option. This will list entries according to related interfaces. In this example we have two interfaces and this will create two table
Add Static ARP Entry
Another useful feature of
arp command is adding static ARP entries. This will add a given IP address and Mac address to the ARP cache. This entry will be stored up to the computer restart. This type of entries also listed as Type static while listing entries. We will provide the IP address and the mac address like below. We will use
> arp -s 192.168.122.50 00-aa-00-62-c6-09
We can see the entry as static type.
Remove ARP Entry
We can also remove existing ARP entries. The entry type can be
dynamic . We will use
-d option and the IP address of the entry we want to delete. In this example we will remove ARP entry related with IP address
> arp -d 192.168.122.50