Linux provides different ways to find directories. Here we will look at how to find directories in a recursive way. In this tutorial, we will use commands like
Find Directories and Files with find Command
Find command is a popular command to used a lot of different purposes like find file and directory, take a backup, copy files. Actually find do not have these abilities it just runs commands over search results like copy and backup.
find LOCATION SEARCH_TERM ACTION
- `LOCATION` is the path or location we will search in
- `SEARCH_TERM` is the term which is the file or directory name we want to search
- `ACTION` is optional which can take actions like print, delete, rename in the search results
We will search for a directory bin in the root file system.
$ find / -name bin
Get Detailed Information about The Directories and Files
We can get detailed information about found directories by using -ls parameter for the find command.
$ find / -name bin -ls
Here results will list the size of the directory permission of the directory, owner, last change date, etc.
Only List Directories
Up to now, we have searched for all files and directories. We can search for only directories by providing a type parameter with a directory specifier.
$ find / -name bin -ls -type d
Locate command is a non-interactive alternative to find command. Also, locate have restricted capabilities. The advantage of the locate command is that it is fast because locate use database to search. Manually a database for file and directories is created. Manually this database is updated. The search is done directly in this database. Database is located at
We will update our database to search with locate command. To update the locate database we need root privileges.
$ sudo updatedb
We will search for files and directories ends with
/bin. In this example, we will use the regex option of the locate to specify the end of the line.
$ locate --regex /bin$