Git is used for a lot of different projects. These projects may provide different types of files. Some times some of those files should not be committed into the repository. For example, after running a python application pyc files are created as compiled python files. Committing them are unnecessary.
Git Ignore File
To ignore files the patterns should be defined in a file named
.gitignore file by default resides in the root of the repository but can be used in subdirectories too.
$ echo "*.pyc" > .gitignore $ cat .gitignore *.pyc $ echo "*.tmp" >> .gitignore $ cat .gitignore *.pyc *.tmp
*.pycmeans any file ends with pyc extension
- Each line for one entry
$ cat .gitignore *.pyc #temp files *.tmp
#is used as comment and no effect on files those will be ignored
$ cat .gitignore /build
/builddirectory is completely ignored
$ cat .gitignore /build/*.out
- All files in
/builddirectory with extension