How To Check Integrity Of Files In Linux?

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In today IT world everything connected and a lot of data in being downloaded from internet or over networks. This may create some minor problems. The data downloaded may be corrupted or there may be some intruders in network and with man of the middle attack may change our files. There are different solutions for this but simplest and fastest solution is using hash algorithms to verify file integrity. There are different hash function to use but MD5 and SHA1 is popular ones

nmap
nmap

Download Nmap

We will download nmap package named nmap-7.31.tgz from nmap.org . We will use this file as a example where this file hash is all ready provided by nmap web site.

Download Nmap
Download Nmap

Get Hash Values From Site

We will calculate hash of downloaded file nmap-7.31.tgz 

Get Hash Values From Site
Get Hash Values From Site

Here is the contents of the hash file

Get Hash Values From Site
Get Hash Values From Site

Calculate Hash

We will use sha1sum to calculate SHA1 , md5sum to calculate MD5 sha24sum to calculate SHA256 and sha512sum to calcualte SHA512 of the given file.

Calculate Hash
Calculate Hash

As we see newer SHA version creates longer hash because they are more secure and complex. If we check calculated hash and web site provided hash we can see that everything is OK.

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