How To Create Bootable Ubuntu Installation USB/Flash Disk with Rufus On Windows?


Ubuntu is very userfriendly Linux distribution. Ubuntu provides very good user experience and can be compared with Windows. Ubuntu is also the most popular Linux distributions for end users. Windows users generally first try The Ubuntu if they are thinking of switching to Linux. In this tutorial, we learn how to create USB installation media for different Ubuntu versions.

Ubuntu Release Versions

Ubuntu provides two main versions named Desktop and Server. Ubuntu releases are period where every year two versions are released and named with the year and month number.

Ubuntu Release Versions
Ubuntu Release Versions

Download Ubuntu

All versions of the Ubuntu can be found in the following link. The currently supported versions are listed in this page.

http://releases.ubuntu.com/

Ubuntu Releases
Ubuntu Releases

In the release page, we will select the version we want to download. We will download the latest version which is 19.04.

Ubuntu Releases

In the new page, we will select the ubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso file. There are also different alternatives to download like torrent, zsync etc.

Ubuntu-19.04-Desktop-Amd64.Iso
Ubuntu-19.04-Desktop-Amd64.Iso

Download Rufus

Rufus is provided for different platforms and operating system. Rufus mainly used for windows operating system. Rufus can be downloaded from the following link.

https://rufus.ie/

Download Rufus
Download Rufus

If we want to download for ARM, Beta or different versions we can navigate to the Other versions where all download types are provided.

Download Rufus
Download Rufus

Start Rufus

We will run the downloaded Rufus executable which will ask us Administrative rights. Because burning a USB/Flash disk requires some low-level functions which are only accessible with Administrative privileges. We will click Yes like below to provide.

Start Rufus
Start Rufus

For the first start, Rufus will ask us if we want to check updates from the internet. We will click to Yes in order to check updates regularly.

Check Rufus Updates
Check Rufus Updates

Create USB  Ubuntu Installation Media

Before starting the USB Ubuntu installation media we have to plug the USB Flash media drive to the system. It will be automatically recognized by the Rufus. Then we will provide the ISO file from the SELECT button of the Rufus like below.

Create USB  Ubuntu Installation Media
Create USB  Ubuntu Installation Media

We will see the following screen where we will select the Ubuntu ISO image file and then click to the Open

Select Ubuntu ISO
Select Ubuntu ISO

We can check provided ISO file validity by calculating hash values. Rufus provides MD5,SHA1 and SHA256 hashes of the given ISO files. We will click to the following check button.

Rufus Calculate ISO Hash
Rufus Calculate ISO Hash

Calculated hash values will be printed with the following message box.

Rufus ISO Hash Values
Rufus ISO Hash Values

We will start the burning provides by clicking the Start button like below. There will be some question related to the USB Flash Drive creation.

Start USB Flash Drive Creation
Start USB Flash Drive Creation

As new Ubuntu ISO images provide different burning options we have two options ISO Mode or DD Mode. By default, we will select the ISO Mode.

Rusuf ISO Mode
Rufus ISO Mode

For the last warning, all data stored in the plugged USB media will be deleted. So please take a backup of the USB flash drive. We will click OK to continue.

Rufus Destroy Warning
Rufus Destroy Warning

We will see that the progress will be shown in the Status part of the Rufus. There are different phases during a USB installation media creation.

Rufus USB Creation
Rufus USB Creation

When the burning process is completed we will the Status part as Ready in green color like below.

Rufus Completed
Rufus Completed

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