How To Create Bootable USB/Flash Drive with Rufus For Any OS Like Ubuntu, Windows,…? – POFTUT

How To Create Bootable USB/Flash Drive with Rufus For Any OS Like Ubuntu, Windows,…?

In the old times, CD/DVD was popular for operating system installation. The operating system images were burned into CD or DVD then the installation was started via CD or DVD. Currently, USB or Flash Drives are popular to install new operating systems like Ubuntu, Windows, Mint, etc. Rufus is a simple tool which is used to burn the operating system images into the USB or Flash Drives.

Rufus Features

Rufus is a simple tool but provides a lot of useful features to create bootable USB/Flash Drive. Here are some of the popular features of Rufus.

  • Twice faster then UNetbootin, Universal USB Installer or Windows 7 USB download tool.
  • Supports a lot of different languages
  • Rufus is an open-source tool which source code can be downloaded from GitHub
  • MBR, GPT partition scheme support
  • BIOS, UEFI target system  support
  • FAT32, NTS file system support
  • Adjustable cluster size
  • Specify the volume name
Rufus Features

Rufus Features

Download Rufus

Rufus is provided for different platforms and operating system. Rufus mainly used for windows operating system. Rufus can be downloaded from the following link.

https://rufus.ie/

Download Rufus

Download Rufus

If we want to download for ARM, Beta or different versions we can navigate to the Other versions where all download types are provided.

Download Rufus

Download Rufus

Start Rufus

We will run the downloaded Rufus executable which will ask us Administrative rights. Because burning a USB/Flash disk requires some low level functions which are only accessible with Administrative privileges. We will click Yes like below to provide.

Start Rufus

Start Rufus

For the first start, Rufus will ask us if we want to check updates from internet. We will click to Yes in order to check updates regularly.

Check Rufus Updates

Check Rufus Updates

Rufus Menu

Rufus is a simple tool with a single screen. All configuration and operation are done via following the single screen. Let’s explain the configuration.

Rufus Menu

Rufus Menu

  • Drive Properties is a section which contains source and destination drive related options
    • Device is the destination device which is a USB Flash Drive we will burn the iso
    • Boot selection is the type of boot style which should stay default
    • SELECT is the button which is used to select ISO image
    • Persistent partition size is the size which will persistent during boots via USB
    • Partition scheme is the partition scheme which is MBR by default
    • Target system is the type of BIOS
    • Show advanced drive properties will provide some detailed option
  • Format Options is section which contains name, file system related options
    • Volume label will be used to set the name for the created installation media
    • File system will be used to set the file system of the USB Flash Drive
    • Cluster size will be used to set the size of cluster of the USB Flash Drive
  • Status will print the progress of USB Flash media creation
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Download Ubuntu ISO Image

In this tutorial, we will create an Ubuntu Bootable Installation USB/Flash Disk.  So we will download the Ubuntu ISO image. Ubuntu ISO images can be download in various ways. In this case, we will download from the Ubuntu web page like below. We will select the latest version 19.04.

https://ubuntu.com/#download

Download Ubuntu ISO Image

Download Ubuntu ISO Image

The downloaded Ubuntu ISO image has name ubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso.

Create USB  Ubuntu Installation Media

Before starting the USB Ubuntu installation media we have to plug the USB Flash media drive to the system. It will be automatically recognized by the Rufus. Then we will provide the ISO file from the SELECT button of the Rufus like below.

Create USB  Ubuntu Installation Media

Create USB  Ubuntu Installation Media

We will see the following screen where we will select the Ubuntu ISO image file and then click to the Open

Select Ubuntu ISO

Select Ubuntu ISO

We can check provided ISO file validity by calculating hash values. Rufus provides MD5,SHA1 and SHA256 hashes of the given ISO files. We will click to the following check button.

Rufus Calculate ISO Hash

Rufus Calculate ISO Hash

Calculated hash values will be printed with the following message box.

Rufus ISO Hash Values

Rufus ISO Hash Values

We will start the burning provides by clicking the Start button like below. There will be some question related to the USB Flash Drive creation.

Start USB Flash Drive Creation

Start USB Flash Drive Creation

As new Ubuntu ISO images provide different burning options we have two options ISO Mode or DD Mode. By default, we will select the ISO Mode.

Rusuf ISO Mode

Rufus ISO Mode

For the last warning, all data stored in the plugged USB media will be deleted. So please take a backup of the USB flash drive. We will click OK to continue.

Rufus Destroy Warning

Rufus Destroy Warning

We will see that the progress will be shown in the Status part of the Rufus. There are different phases during a USB installation media creation.

Rufus USB Creation

Rufus USB Creation

When the burning process is completed we will the Status part as Ready in green color like below.

Rufus Completed

Rufus Completed

Rufus Alternatives

Rufus is the most useful and stable USB Flash Disk Installation Media creator there are also some alternatives which provide different features.

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Live Linux USB Creator

Live Linux is mainly developed to create Linux USB installation media. It provides a lot of different Linux distributions automatically without any explicit download. It can also add some virtual box software to run the Linux distributions on Windows without a reboot.

Live Linux USB Creator

Live Linux USB Creator

UNetbootin

Unetbootin is a cross-platform USB Flash Disk installation media creator where it supports Windows, Linux, MacOS. It can also automatically download some Linux distributions.

UNetbootin

UNetbootin

Universal USB Installer

Universal USB Installer is another tool alternative to Rufus. It is a bit outdated and provided by the Pendrivelinux community.

Windows 7 USB Download Tool

As its name contains download but it can also burn Windows 7 Images into the USB Flash Drive.

Windows Media Creation Tool

Windows Media Creation Tool is created for Windows 10 USB Flask Drive. It can also download Windows 10 Images. More details and usage information can be found in the following link.

How To Download and Use Windows 10 Media Creation Tool To Create Windows 10 USB or DVD?

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