grep is a very powerful and useful tool used in Linux and Unix operating systems. It is mainly used to match and print specified text in given text files in different formats.
grep also have subversions like
egrep which will provide extended functionality like
regular expressions. In this tutorial, we will learn how to download, install and use
egrep for Windows operating systems.
Download GNU Grep
grep is a Unix or Linux tools provided as opensource. Hopefully, it is also provided for Windows operating systems and platform by GNU. We can download the
grep setup file from the following page.
Or simply we can download from the following link directly. But keep in mind that when new versions have arrived following link will be absolute or old.
Install GNU Grep
We will start the installation by clicking to the
gre-2.5.4-setup.exe We can see that the current version of the grep we will install is
This may require some Administrative privileges. So we will provide the Admin privileges by click
Yes to the dialog box.
Below the Setup Start Screen of the GNU Grep
We will accept the license agreement by clicking
I accept the agreement like below.
We will set the destination location to install grep where the default is
We will select the components we want to install.
Full Installation will install both
Documentation otherwise we can select or deselect these components easily.
We will set the
Start Menu Name for the GNU Grep like below.
Here are sme additional tasks like
Creating Document Shortcuts in Start Menu Folder and
Now we can start the installation with the specified configuration. We will just click to the
Install button like below.
As grep is a very tiny tool it will install quickly and we will see the following installation completed successfully screen.
Set Grep Path For Environment Variables
As specified configuration the grep is installed to the
C:\Program Files\GnuWin32\ under to the binary
\bin directory. In order call and use
grep command from the MS-DOS or command line we need to add this path to the environment variables
PATHvariable. We can also see the executable files named
grep in the following screen.
We set path different ways but the most practical one is using command line too
setx like below.
> setx path "%path%;C:\Program Files\GnuWin32\bin"
Then we can check by opening a new command line or MS-DOS windows and run
grep command like below.
We can see that
grep command expects some option and file in order to work.
Print Grep Help Information
grep command in Windows is very similar to the Linux version. But we may need some helpful information about the usage and options. We can print help information with the
--help option like below.
> grep --help
Grep Specified Word or Text
We can grep specified word or text just by providing the grep term and the file we want to grep. In this example grep term is
ssh and the file we want to look is named
config.txt. config.txt content is like below which is and
ssh_config file from an Ubuntu box.
# This is the ssh client system-wide configuration file. See # ssh_config(5) for more information. This file provides defaults for # users, and the values can be changed in per-user configuration files # or on the command line. # Configuration data is parsed as follows: # 1. command line options # 2. user-specific file # 3. system-wide file # Any configuration value is only changed the first time it is set. # Thus, host-specific definitions should be at the beginning of the # configuration file, and defaults at the end. # Site-wide defaults for some commonly used options. For a comprehensive # list of available options, their meanings and defaults, please see the # ssh_config(5) man page. Host * # ForwardAgent no # ForwardX11 no # ForwardX11Trusted yes # PasswordAuthentication yes # HostbasedAuthentication no # GSSAPIAuthentication no # GSSAPIDelegateCredentials no # GSSAPIKeyExchange no # GSSAPITrustDNS no # BatchMode no # CheckHostIP yes # AddressFamily any # ConnectTimeout 0 # StrictHostKeyChecking ask # IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa # IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_dsa # IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa # IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 # Port 22 # Protocol 2 # Ciphers aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-cbc,3des-cbc # MACs hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,email@example.com # EscapeChar ~ # Tunnel no # TunnelDevice any:any # PermitLocalCommand no # VisualHostKey no # ProxyCommand ssh -q -W %h:%p gateway.example.com # RekeyLimit 1G 1h SendEnv LANG LC_* HashKnownHosts yes GSSAPIAuthentication yes
We will run the following command
>grep ssh config.txt