How To Install,Start, Stop, Restart OpenSSH In Ubuntu, Debian, Kali, Mint? – POFTUT

How To Install,Start, Stop, Restart OpenSSH In Ubuntu, Debian, Kali, Mint?

Ubuntu is popular Linux distributions used by millions. In order to access Ubuntu systems remotely we use ssh protocol. So in order to access and manage Ubuntu systems the ssh server should be installed and running without restriction like firewall. In this tutorial we will look how to install, start and troubleshoot SSH service in Ubuntu, Debian, Kali, Mint. We can use this tutorial distributions like Debian, Kali and Mint too because of their origin and system base are the same.

Install SSH Service

We can install OpenSSH service with different ways but the most straight forward way is using apt package manager. We will use apt install to install OpenSSh Service. This requires root privileges.

$ apt install openssh-server

Start SSH Service

By default OpenSSh service do not starts automatically. We need to start OpenSSH service explicitly by using systemctl command. systemctl command is provided by default recent versions of Ubuntu, Debian, Kali and Mint. If it is not installed install systemctl . In order to get more details look following tutorial.

Linux Sshd Server Configuration and Security Options With Examples

$ systemctl start ssh

Show SSH Service Status

Services starts, stops but how can we show or list current status of SSH service. We will use systemctl status command in order to list current status of the SSH.

$ systemctl status ssh
Show SSH Service Status
Show SSH Service Status

We can see that green active (running) text that shows SSH service is running.

Restart SSH Service

In some situations we need to restart the SSH service. Configuration change in SSH service requires SSH restart in order to take affect. We can restart SSH service like below. This will reload SSH service with the latest SSH service configuration which resides in /etc/ssh/sshd_config .

$ systemctl restart ssh

Enable Start of SSH Service At The System Boot

After system reboots or boots the SSH service do not starts automatically and starting it explicitly is a trivial task. We can enable SSH service start automatically after system reboot.

$ systemctl enable ssh

Disable Start of SSH Service At The System Boot

If we do not need to start SSH service at the system boot  we can disable automatic start with the following command.

$ systemctl disable ssh

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2 thoughts on “How To Install,Start, Stop, Restart OpenSSH In Ubuntu, Debian, Kali, Mint?”

  1. Pingback: Install and run OpenSSH (Debian, Ubuntu, Mint) | 0ddn1x: tricks with *nix

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