Disk drives are used to store files, folders, and data permanently even the system reboots. In some cases like a reboot, software error, sudden electricity interrupt or similar the disk may be set in an inconsistent state. In order to check and correct errors about these, we can scan the disk.
Scan Disk Check Disk Util
Check Disk Util is the first way to scan disk about errors. We will open the
Computer from the start menu or with the
Windows+E keyboard combination. We will right click to the disk we want to run
Check Disk Util and check disk. We will click
Properties from the given menu.
Then we will see the following
Properties window. We will navigate to the
Tools menu and click to the
Check Now button which will open
Check Disk Window.
Check Disk tool have a simple usage. There are two options for disk scan.
- `Automatically fix file system errors` will fix the error without asking the user.
- `Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors` will try to recover bad sectors but there is a little chance.
Schedule Disk Scan
If the disk is currently in active use like
C:/ drive we will prompt a warning like
Windows can't check the disk while it's in use. So we can schedule a disk scan for a system start or boot
Scan Disk From Command Line
Scanning disk needs Administrative privileges. So we have to open
MSDOS command line with Administrator usage. We will write
cmd to the Start and right click to the
Run as administrator
Print Help Information
We can print information about the
sfc command which will be used to scan and repair disk. We will use
> sfc /?
Scan Disk and Repair File System
We can scan given disk drive with the
/SCANNOW option by providing the partition or disk drive name. We will scan
D: like below. This option will scan and repair the given file system or disk.
> sfc /SCANNOW D:
Only Scan Disk and Do Not File System
If we want to only scan given disk or partition. We will use
VERIFYONLY option which will only scan and do not repair.
> sfc /VERIFYONLY D: