How To Set Java, JRE and JDK Home Path and Environment Variables On Windows?


Java is a very popular programming language which provides a different component in order to run, develop Java applications. JRE or Java Runtime Environment is used to run Java application. JDK or Java Development Kit is used to develop Java applications. In this tutorial, we will learn how to set up Java, JRE, and JDK operating system path variables in order to work properly.

Locate JRE or JDK Path

Before starting the configuration we have to locate the JRE or JDK path. JRE or JDK generally installed on the Program Files or Program Files(x86) directory under the Java directory like below.

Locate JRE or JDK Path 
Locate JRE or JDK Path 

and under the Java directory the JDK is residing.

Locate JRE or JDK Path 
Locate JRE or JDK Path 

Set Java HOME_PATH Environment Variable

Now we have learned the path of the Java, JRE or JDK installation. We can set this path as Java HOME_PATH environment variable. We will open the computer properties with by running sysdm.cpl in the Run menu like below. We can also open it from the File Explorer -> Computer -> Right Click.

Open System Properties
Open System Properties

In the system properties, we will navigate to the Advanced tab which provides the Environment Variables button like below.

Open Environment Variables
Open Environment Variables

Below we can see the environment variables menu where we will create the JAVA_HOME system variable and set the path accordingly. We click to the New in order to create a new system variable.

Create New System Variable
Create New System Variable

Here we will set the Variable Name as JAVA_HOME and the Variable Value the path or Java, JRE or JDK which is C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-12 in this example. Then we will click OK.

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Set System Variable Name and Value
Set System Variable Name and Value

Set JAVA Executable Path

If we want to run java.exe or similar executables provided by JRE or JDK we have to add the path of Java in the Path variable like below. We select the system variable named Path and click to the Edit.

Edit Path System Variable
Set JAVA Executable Path

Here we click to New which will add a new line to the existing values.

Here we will set the bin folder path which is C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-12\bin in this example.

Add Path System Variable
Add Path System Variable

Then we will click OK and OK in the environment variables screen which will save and activated new path configuration.

Check Java Is Working

We can check the new path configuration simply opening a new command line interface MS-DOS. Then just type java -version which will execute java.exe with the -version option. We can see the current java binary version by running it.

3 thoughts on “How To Set Java, JRE and JDK Home Path and Environment Variables On Windows?”

  1. What is the point in setting the JAVA_HOME to the path to the jdk install folder path if you then edit the Path variable and add the full path to the jdk bin folder? Shouldn’t you make use of the JAVA_HOME variable and add %JAVA_HOME%\bin to the Path instead.

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