gz formats very popular in Linux, Unix and BSD world. A lot of files like source code, backup, configuration files etc. are compressed with this two formats. As a Linux system administrator we generally face with
tar.gz extension files. In this tutorial we will look how to extract them easily.
Tar is very old and popular format used to put separate file and directories into single file. This is most used technique before compression. Detailed tutorial about
tar command be found in the following link.
Gz is the gzip format which is provided by all of the Linux, Unix and BSD files systems.
gz command is used to compress, extract and list files and directories.
List Files and Directories
Before extracting or uncompressing the
tar.gz file we generally need to list file and directories in the archive. We will use
tar command with
-tvf option to list them. In this example we will list contents of
$ tar -tvf rarlinux-x64-5.4.0.tar.gz
Extract Entire Tar.gz Archive
The most used operation is extracting entire archive. This will extract all file into new directory. We will use
tar command with
-xvf option. In this example we will extract all content of the
$ tar -xvf rarlinux-x64-5.4.0.tar.gz
Extract Single File
Another useful example is extracting single file from the
tar.gz archive. We will specify the file or directory we want to extract after the archive name. In this example we will extract file
rar/rar.txt from archive.
$ tar -xvf rarlinux-x64-5.4.0.tar.gz rar/rar.txt
Extract Multiple Files
We can also extract multiple files without extracting the whole archive we will add all files and directories we want to extract one by by. In this example we want to extract
rar/license.txt from the archive.
$ tar -xvf rarlinux-x64-5.4.0.tar.gz rar/rar.txt rar/license.txt