Pip is a tools or command used to manage Python packages, libraries. With the help of Pip, we can search, install, update, remove Python packages. But what about the Pip itself, “How to update or upgrade Pip?”.
Display and Check Current Python Version
We will start checking the Python version. We will use the
-v options or just enter the interactive Python shell in order to display and check the current Python version. We will check both Python2 and Python3 versions like below.
$ python2 --version $ python3 --version $ python --version
Display and Check Current Pip Version
Before updating the pip we will check already installed pip versions. Like Python versions like 2 and 3 pip has versions which are called pip2 and pip3. We will use the
-V option in order to print the pip version. We will use pip2 for Python2 and pip3 for Python3. Only pip command is used for default Python version where it is Python2 in this case.
$ pip2 -V $ pip3 -V $ pip -V
Update/Upgrade Pip with Pip Itself
The first and the most popular way to update or upgrade pip tool is using itself. We will update pip like a regular Python package by using the
install -U upgrade option and provide the package name as pip. The package name for the Python version is not important but we have to use proper pip command version like pip2 op pip3 .
$ pip2 install -U pip $ pip3 install -U pip
We can again check the version of the pip after update/upgrade with the same commands. We will see that their versions are jumped from 9.0.1 to 19.2.3 for both pip2 and pip3. Also, default pip command version is changed to the Python3 or pip3 where we issue the
pip -V command.
Update/Upgrade Pip via Python On Windows
We can update the pip with the Python command or interpreter too. We will provide the
-m option in order to provide the pip module with the
install --upgrade option. At least we will provide the package name as pip. This is the same operation with updating pip but the implementation is a bit different.
$ python2 -m pip install --upgrade pip $ python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip $ python -m pip install --upgrade pip
Pip with easy_install Command
easy_install is another useful tool provided by Python. We can use easy_install in order to update and upgrade existing pip, pip2 or pip3 command. We just need to provide the package name to easy_update where it will install or upgrade given package. While using this you may need privileges like root or Administrator where you need to open the command line as Administrator in Windows operating systems.
$ easy_install -U pip
Downgrade Specific Version of Pip with Pip Itself
Up to now we have updated/upgraded to the latest version but this not always the case. We may need to upgrade/update or downgrade to the specific pip version. We can specify the version we want to install/update/upgrade/downgrade like below. We will use a double equation sign after the package name and provide the version number. In this example we will install/update/upgrade/downgrade pip version 18.1 .
$ pip install -U pip==18.1 $ pip3 install -U pip==18.1 $ pip2 install -U pip==18.1