HTTP 403 Forbidden Status Code and Fix Error

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HTTP protocol uses HTTP status codes in order to provide information about the requests. There are different type of status codes like 100, 200, 300, 400 etc. All of them have different meaning and subcodes like 403. In this tutorial we will examine the 403 Forbidden Error Code .

Example Response

Here is some example response about HTTP 403 Forbidden. This code is compatible with all major browsers.

AND other variations may like below.

403 Forbidden Meaning

Web servers are used to serve server resources in different ways. These resources are shared with a URI where it refers to the resource. In some cases some resources may be not provided to the request. This is generally applied with resource restriction with 403 Forbidden . Or the access may require some authentication to the resource.

403 Code References According To Programming Languages and Framework

There are different programming languages and framework in order to serve HTTP protocol. They generally provide some constant as a easy to to respond with HTTP 403 Forbidden code. Here are some of the popular them.

  • Ruby On Rails HTTP 403 Forbidden  :forbidden
  • Go HTTP 403 Forbidden http.StatusForbidden
  • Symfony HTTP 403 Forbidden Reponse::HTTP_FORBIDDEN
  • Python2 HTTP 403 Forbidden httplib.FORBIDDEN
  • Python3 HTTP 403 Forbidden http.client.FORBIDDEN
  • Python3.5+ HTTP 403 Forbidden http.HTTPStatus.FORBIDDEN

403 Forbidden Error Solution From Client Side

There are different way to solve this error. We will learn generic ways to solve this. But as you know there are different web servers like Apache, IIS, Tomcat, Nginx etc which provides different mechanism to solve this problem.

  1. Check URL . We may try to access a URL which is incorrect ot do not exist.
  2. Clear Browser Cache . HTTP protocol generally try to look local cache to get resources more faster. We need clear this cache which will get resources from remote server without looking cache.
  3. Login or Authenticate Web Site . We may need to login to access given resources. We can use HTTP basic authentication or similar ways.
  4. Clear Browser Cookies . Cookies are generally used to provide login and session information. Old cookies may provides session related problems so clearing browser cookies will solve this issue.
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403 Forbidden Error Solution From Server Side

If we are the owner of the web server we have to look several cases in order to solve this issue.

  1. Empty httpdocs directory while navigating to the given URL or directory there may need some resources to match and present.  If there is no folder we have to create is in the web server or httpdocs directory.
  2. No index page Index pages like index.html , index.asp or index.php is used to provide default content and resources. If they do not exist we should create them properly.
  3. Permission and ownership errors Web server process or deamon will home some rights to read, write , execute local file system. If they are not set properly we will get HTTP 403 Forbidden error. We can use following permissions for Linux systems.

For more information about permission look following chmod tutorial.

Linux Chmod Command Tutorial with Examples To Change Permission of Files and Folders

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