Tftp (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) is a very simple client-server protocol used to transfer data and files over the network. Ftp is a very popular protocol but it has a lot of features that may not be needed always. Tftp is a lightweight alternative to Ftp protocol. We can say that Tftp is a featureless protocol because it only downloads and uploads files.
- Tftp has no authentication or authorization mechanism.
- Tftp protocol does not have a file listing feature.
- Tftp is clear text or not encrypted protocol
- Tftp is fast and simple to implement
- TFTP uses generally UDP
The installation of Tftp tools is as simple as the protocol. As TFTP lightweight there is no dependency for other libraries.
Ubuntu, Debian, Mint, Kali:
We will install
tftp for Debian, Mint, Ubuntu and Kali like below.
$ apt install tftp
Fedora, CentOS, RedHat:
We can install
tftp with the following command on Fedora, CentOS, RedHat.
$ yum install tftp
tftp Command Syntax
We will use following syntax for
tftp command in normal command-line usage.
tftp Command Help
$ info tftp
Connect TFTP Server From Command Line
Connecting to the Tftp server is very easy. As stated at the beginning of the post Tftp does not have any authentication and authorization mechanisms. so Just providing the hostname of the server of IP address is enough to connect the Tftp server. In this example, we will connect
192.168.122.239 IP address.
$ tftp 192.168.122.239
TFTP Server Command Line Interactive Shell
After connection to the Tftp server, we will get an interactive shell. In this shell, we will issue commands to get information about status of the connection, download or get files, upload, or put files to the server. We can list available commands provided by Tftp shell with
Upload or Put File To The TFTP Server
We can upload or put files to the TFTP server with the put command. In the example, we upload a file named
Download or Get File From TFTP Server
We can also download or get files from the Tftp server to get command. In the example, we get a file named body.txt from the Tftp server.
Show TFTP Connection Status
As TFTP works generally on the UDP protocol there is no session like TCP. But we can query current connection status with the status command. This status command will provide us information about the connected server IP address, current working mode, Rexmt-interval, Max-timeout, etc.
Disconnect From TFTP Server by Exiting From TFTP Shell
In order to quit from the Tftp shell we need to issue the
While making transfer we may need more information about the transmission. We can get more information about the transfer with the