Corporate generally uses web proxies in order to speed up and secure internet web traffic. There are a lot of paid or open source web proxy applications. Squid is most popular web proxy used by a lot of users. In this tutorial we will look how to install and configure squid proxy.
Advantages Of Squid Web Proxy
- Share internet connection
- Speed up internet web surfing
- Control internet web surfing
- Secure against web related attacks
Install Squid For Ubuntu, Debian, Mint
Squid is very popular in the open source community. This makes it available for most of the Linux distributions as packages. We can use following command in order to install it into Ubuntu, Debian, Mint or related distributions.
$ sudo apt install squid
Install Squid For Fedora, CentOS, RHEL
We can also install squid packages in Fedora, CentOS and RHEL distributions. We can use both
yum package managers.
$ sudo yum install squid
Configuration File squid.conf
Squid provides a lot of configuration. All of these configuration is stored in
squid.conf file which is located in
/etc/squid . While extending default configuration we can divide the configuration into multiple files too by referencing them from main configuration file.
Change Default Proxy Port 3128
Proxies are used by connecting proxy port and redirecting web traffic. Squid listens TCP 3128 port by default but changing it to
8080 will be more meaningful most of the situations. But
8080 must be not used other applications.
Find following line
and change with the following line
Adding rules are easy as writing some text. We will add some
Access Control List or
acl . ACL is used to add rules to the specific IP address or network range. In this example we will give access to the squid proxy for the network
First we define network range with
acl home src 192.168.1.0/24
and then we give access to this acl named
http_access allow home
Restart Squid Service To Apply New Rules
In order to make configuration changes active we should reload the configuration. This means we should restart squid service which will reread the new configuration. We can use
systemctl command for most of the Linux distributions.
$ sudo systemctl restart squid