Linux Bash provides some shortcuts about operations. Sometimes we need to run a log and error prone command in the shell. Every time writing or remembering the command is not a feasible way. Bash have
alias feature which is used to set some shortcuts about user commands.
Syntax of alias definition is like below.
ALIAS is the shortcut we want to use and can be anything we want but use unique names other than Linux commands.
COMMAND is the command we want to use when
ALIAS is called.
alias ALIAS COMMAND
Commands and variables can be very long. Using long commands and variables become a pain. Bash gives the ability to make some alias for them and use them in a short way.
In this example we will create an alias named
mls which is equivalent
ls / . Everytime we call
ls / command will be executed.
$ alias mls="ls /" $ mls 1 bin boot dev etc home lib lib64 lost+found media mnt opt proc root run sbin srv sys tmp usr var
Make Alias Persistent
Created alias will be removed after reboot or can not be accessed from different shell sessions. We generally need to make defined aliases persistent. In order to make alias persistent we generally use
.bashrc file which is located in user home directory.
We can add our alias named
mls to the
.bashrc of the current user with the following command.
$ echo "alias mls='ls /'" >> ~/.bashrc
If we want to make alias available to the all system users we should add this elias to the system wide bash configuration file
/etc/bash.bashrc or similar name file.
Linux bash and similar shells provides parameter mechanism to make dynamically provide data. We can use this mechanism to make our alias dynamic. In bash
$1 specifies the first parameter
$2 specifies second, ..
In this example we will define our alias named
mls which accept single parameter. This parameter provided to the
ls command as path. If we do not provide a parameter it it will act like a space.
$ alias mls='ls $1'
Multiline Alias Command
; used to delimit the commands. It is generally used to provide multiple commands in a single line. We can use t
; in alias too. In this example we will list root directory and than print some text with multiple commands in alias.
$ alias mls='ls /;echo "Root directory listed";'