NTP is a core protocol used today’s IT infrastructure to synchronize date and time information. In order to work properly, we need to configuration NTP port in our server, client and intermediate systems like switch, firewall, router.
NTP Port UDP 123
NTP uses the UDP port number 123 by default. NTP services run on UDP protocol because of the UDP simplicity and performative behavior. NTP is also a very simple protocol just like ask and get response manner which is very well suited with the connectionless UDP protocol.
Reliable NTP Port TCP 123
As stated previously NTP uses UDP transmission protocol by default with port number 123. As UDP is not fully reliable protocol it may create some problems during usage. TCP provides more reliable transmission of the protocol packages. So TCP port number 123 can be used for more reliable and less problematic NTP transmission.
Linux NTP Port Configuration
In this part, we will learn basic steps to list and change NTP port configuration. These steps can be run all major Linux distributions like Ubuntu, Debian, Mint, Kali, Fedora and CentOS.
List NTP Service Ports
We will start by listing NTP ports with the tool
grep . We will grep port number
123 from the output of the netstat command listening UDP and TCP ports.
$ netstat -tuln | grep 123
We can see that there are NTP services listening port number
123 in different interfaces like localhost which is
127.0.0.1 and all interfaces
Print NTP Service Status
In Linux distributions, NTP services status can be listed with the
systemctl command like below.
$ systemctl status ntp