Python If .. Elif .. Else Statements and Conditionals


Decision making one of the fundamentals operations in programming languages and applications. We mostly use decisions to implements applications logic. The primary mechanism for decisions in Python is if..elif..else keywords. We can simple call them if-else . In this tutorial we will look different aspects and usage  examples of if-else.


If is used to check whether given condition is true and run some code. So we need some condition and some code block. The syntax of if is like below.

Now we can understand if with an example better. In this example we check if 0 is less than 10 .

Because given condition returned True the code block executed and printed.


If we want to check multiple conditions in a single step and run code block accordingly we can use If-Elif statement. We can provide multiple conditions like below.

We can understand if-elif with an example where we check 3 conditions.

First elif is executed and related text printed.

LEARN MORE  Powershell If-Elseif-Else Conditional Statement


As we have seen previous parts we can define limitless conditions and code blocks. There is a special conditions which is triggered when none of the previous conditions are met. We call this as else and put at the end of the if-elif code block. Else do not need any specific condition.

In this example we can guess the given number with else .

Providing Multiple Conditions

Up to now we have defined single conditions in order to check. We can also use complex or multiple conditions in a single keyword. We generally use ( ) to group multiple or complex conditions. All inner conditions are computed and at the end single boolean value true or false returned.

Providing Multiple Conditions

Providing Multiple Conditions

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1 Response

  1. 22/05/2017

    […] have already looked if-elif-else statements in previously. if-elif-else requires conditions in order evaluate. These conditions may simple True , False or […]

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