We are new in python and have learned functions all ready. If we do not know the PYthon functions we can get information from http://www.poftut.com/define-use-functions-python-def/ . Now we know a lot about functions. But we see that standard functions name __
main__ in most of the python applications. We want to understand this special function usage.
As we know applications in python can be run in different ways in different operating systems. In this tutorial I will follow Linux type but this will work for Windows operating too.
“Where Should I Start” asks Our App
When we specify to run some python file generally have extension
.py the python interpreter starts by default from running file from first line. This may hurt our application some times. We may want to specify start point specifically in later lines than first line of the script file.
Look Main Function Please
Python programming language provides special function named __
main function simply specifies the start point of the application. __
main__ also collects the user provided parameters and provides to the application. We will create a
main function and call it with
__main__ as seen below.
import sys def main(argv=None): print("I am the MAIN") if __name__ == "__main__": main(sys.argv)
Provide Arguments , Parameters To The Main Function
One of the most popular usage case of python application is providing parameters. We generally need to read parameters provided by the user and take action according to these parameters.
import sys def main(argv=None): print("I am the MAIN and you chose") print(argv) if __name__ == "__main__": main(sys.argv)
When we execute we will get following result.
$ python3 mymain.py "This is a parameter"
As we can see the name of the application and given text is provided as parameters in a list format. We can easily select parameters with list indexing like below.
param1 = sys.argv