x509 – POFTUT

What Is HTTPS?

What Is HTTPS?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure or HTTPS is an extension and secure alternative to the HTTP protocol. HTTPS is very same with the HTTP where the traffic is encrypted using TLS or Transport Layer Security. All major browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera, Microsoft Edge supports the HTTPS protocol. HTTPS also referred as … Read more

What Is SSL Certificate CN (Common Name) and Usage?

Common Name or CN is generally used in SSL Certificates. CN is used to define the server name which will be used for secure SSL connection. Generally this SSL certificate used to secure connection between a HTTP/S server and client browser like Chrome, Explorer, Firefox. Common Name (CN) Common Name is used to specify the … Read more

How To Use Curl with HTTPS Protocol and URLS?

Curl is a command line tool and library which implements protocols like HTTP, HTTPS, FTP etc. Curl also supports HTTPS protocol which is secure version of the HTTP. Using curl may create some problems. We will examine how to solve these curl HTTPS related problems. Install Curl We will start with the installation of the … Read more

OpenPGP Mail Encryption and Related Tools For Linux, Windows

OpenPGP is a email encryption standard used by a lot of people. This standard is defined by OpenPGP Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The standard is proposed with RFC 4880 . The OpenPGP is derived from PGP software which is created by Phil Zimmermann. OpenPGP Windows Tools Gpg4win Gpg4win is popular … Read more

What Is OpenSSL Library?

OpenSSL is most popular open source cryptography library which provides a lot of tools, libraries, algorithms about cryptography. It is mostly known with Secure Socket Layers (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocols. Supported Encryption Algorithms Encryption is used to make given data unreadable by the intruders. It is mainly used for confidentiality. OpenSSL supports … Read more

How To Read RSA, X509, PKCS12 Certificates with OpenSSL?

OpenSSL provides read different type of certificate and encoding formats. OpenSSL supports certificate formats like RSA, X509, PCKS12 etc. We will look how to read these certificate formats with OpenSSL. Read RSA Private Key RSA is popular format use to create asymmetric key pairs those named public and private key. We can use rsa verb to … Read more

How To Create Self Signed Root Certificate with OpenSSL

OpenSSL provides cryptographic libraries and features. We can use OpenSSL from reading DER files to generate random numbers. But one of the most used feature is creating a Self Signed Certificate. , Self Signed Certificate X509 is the certificate standard used in internet and corporate today. X509 certificates are designed to create a tree like … Read more

How To Convert DER To PEM and PEM to DER Certificate Format with OpenSSL?

DER and PEM are formats used in X509 and other certificates to store Public, Private Keys and other related information. OpenSSL provides a lot of features for manipulating PEM and DER certificates. We can use OpenSSL to convert DER to PEM format and vice versa. Convert DER Format To PEM Format For RSA Key We … Read more

How To Generate Certificate Signing Request (CSR) with OpenSSL?

OpenSSL provides different features about security and certificates. Public and Private Key cryptography also supported by OpenSSL. Websites, Firewalls and other applications uses Certificates in order to encrypt their network traffic or authenticate each other. In this tutorial we will look how to create Certificate Signing Request. Generate RSA Key Now we assume we do … Read more

How To Verify Certificate Chain with OpenSSL?

X509 certificates provides the authenticity of provided certificates in a chained manner. Internet world generally uses certificate chains to create and use some flexibility for trust. But this may create some complexity for the system, network administrators and security guys. In this tutorial we will look how to verify a certificate chain. X509 Certificate X509 … Read more