Useful Docker Command List with Examples

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Docker is an emerging technology used mainly by developers and system administrators. I provides the flexibility to run different environments with little system overload and resources. In this tutorial we will learn basic but useful Docker commands with examples.

List Docker Commands

We generally need to list provided commands to remember or learn. We can list existing Docker commands by  running docker command like below.

List Docker Commands
List Docker Commands

run – Run New Container

Now we will start with a basic command which will start a container in daemon mode. The default behavior of Docker is running given container and stopping it. We can run in daemon mode with run command like below.

run - Run New Container
run – Run New Container

start – Start Stopped Container

start command will start all ready created but stopped container. In this example we will start container named test

stop – Stop Running Container

stop command will stop all ready created but started container. In this example we will stop container named test

pull – Pull A Container Image

Docker images provide required files, libraries and system files. We can create them by building Docker image or pulling from registers. Docker hub is open source register used by default. We can get an image from Docker Hub with pull command. In this example we will pull ubuntu image like below.

pull - Pull A Container Image
pull – Pull A Container Image

build – Build Docker Image From Docker File

Docker images generally pulled from registry. But we can also create Docker image with defined configuration. We create some Docker File which provides build information like which based image will be used, which users, files will be create or packages will be installed. We can create image like below. run build  command while current working directory is Docker file path.

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build - Build Docker Image From Docker File
build – Build Docker Image From Docker File

exec – Run Command In Existing Container

exec is very popular command because it runs commands in all ready running Container . We just provide the command we want to execute in given container. In this example we will run whoami command in the container. We will provide the container id and the command.

exec - Run Command In Existing Container
exec – Run Command In Existing Container

search – Search Docker Images In Docker Hub

While creating Container environment we generally need a lot of prebuilt Container images. We can search for them in Docker Hub with search command like below.

search - Search Docker Images In Docker Hub
search – Search Docker Images In Docker Hub

commit – Create New Image From Running Container

Another popular scenario in Docker usage is changing and putting data in some containers and saving this containers for future use without losing data. As we know changes made in container will lost after stop. So we will commit them by using their container ID and the new name we want to use.

commit - Create New Image From Running Container
commit – Create New Image From Running Container

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