Linux provides simple and useful tools and commands.
wait is one of them. We can use
wait command to wait for specified process id and than continue execution of the bash script or interactive shell.
Wait For Specified Process ID
While scripting in bash we may need to wait for some process to continue. So this will pause our script execution. After specified process is completed current script execution will continue. In this example we will wait the process id
$ wait 2127
Wait For Specified Process Name
Working with process ids is not an elegant way. Using process names are better an more readable. But the problem is that same named process can interfere. In this example we assume we have single process with the same name in the system. We will look for process named
ssh. We will use
$ wait $(pgrep ssh)
Difference with sleep Command
Some new users may confuse
sleep is used to wait specified time period. After this period is completed the execution of the script will continue without related with other process. More detailed about
sleep command can be found in the following tutorial.