What Is a Web Browser? – POFTUT

What Is a Web Browser?

Web Browser is a software which is used to browse or surf on web pages. Web Browsers generally used on internet web pages. Web Browser also called Browser, Internet Browser. World Wide Web or simply www is the main area Web Browsers operate. World Wide Web is mainly consisted and runs on the big global network named Internet.

Web Browser History

Web browser history starts in the near feature where the World Wide Web or simply Web is invented by the Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. Web inventions created the need for the browser to browse, navigate or surf the Web. The first browser called World Wide Web is also created by Tim Berners-Lee where its name changed to Nexus later. The first popular graphical Web browser was created with the name of NCSA Mosaicin 1993.  Two NCSA/University of Illinois named Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina created NCSA Mosaic and supported till the start of 1997. Then browsers like Netscape, Internet Explorer arrived in the market where they are dominated for a while.

Web Browsers Popularity and Usage Statistics

For the history of the browsers which is about 30 years, the popularity of the browsers changed a lot. In the start, Netscape was very popular and then Internet Explorer gained a lot of users. Netscape changed to the Mozilla which is an open source company and gets the leadership of browsers. But in recent time like the last 8 years, the trend is very similar. Google created the Chrome which is faster, innovative, integrated. Google Chrome is the most popular browser and has a percentage of 80% for the market. Its competitors can not even close to him like Edge/Internet Explorer with 3.6% , Firefox 9.5%, Safari3.3% and Opera 1.7% . We can see in the graph that Google Chrome also gain more users day by day for the last months.

Web Browsers Popularity

Web Browsers Popularity

Popular Internet Browser List

There are a lot of browsers in the market even they are not soo popular. They provide different and unique features to users like more privacy, speed, ad blocking, etc. Here we will list some of them for different platforms and operating systems like Windows, Linux, MacOS, Android, iOS.

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Windows Browsers

  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Opera
  • Vivaldi
  • Torch
  • Maxthon
  • Brave

Linux Browsers

  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Opera
  • Vivaldi
  • Brave

MacOS Browsers

  • Safari
  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Opera
  • Vivaldi
  • Maxthon
  • Brave

Android Browsers

  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Opera
  • Maxthon

Web Browser Protocols and Technologies

World Wide Web consisting of different type of protocols and technologies where Web Browsers are used to consume these technologies and protocols. Here we will list popular protocols and technologies Web browsers generally deal.

  • HTTP is the communication protocol for a browser with the server in order to get content in different formats like HTML, Javascript, CSS, Image, etc.
  • HTTPS is the secure version of the HTTP where it encrypts the traffic between the web browser and server.
  • www is not a protocol or technology but generally used in domains in order to specify the web server like www.poftut.com which means web server for poftut can be accessed from the www.poftut.com server or host.
  • HTML is a markup or scripting language used to create web pages like this page. HTML is interpreted and displayed by the browser. It provides different options like images, tables, animations, text sizes, etc.
  • JavaScript is a scripting language which runs on the browser and used to put some dynamism to the HTML page for user interaction like click, send, input, animate, etc.
  • FTP is a file transfer protocol which is supported by browsers to download files from FTP servers.
  • CSS is a styling configuration used to create visual elements and elegance for the HTML elements in a web browser
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