What Is Crossover Ethernet Cable? Compare Crossover with Patch Cable


Crossover Cable is used to connect two same type devices back to back to provide a network connection. This can be also called a direct ethernet connection. What makes crossover cable different is the connecting devices are the same type as two computers or two routers etc where the data communication lines should be reversed. The signals should be crossed intentionally where they send signal will be receiving a signal and receive signal will send a signal for the counterpart system.

Crossover Wiring Scheme

There is two pinout schemes named T568A and T568B . A crossover cable uses both of these scheme end of the ethernet cable. You can see these pinout in the following diagram.

Crossover Wiring Scheme

T-568A Color Pinout

  • White Green
  • Green
  • White Orange
  • Blue
  • White Blue
  • Orange
  • White Brown
  • Brown

T-568B Color Pinout

  • White Orange
  • Orange
  • White Green
  • Blue
  • White Blue
  • Green
  • White Brown
  • Brown

We can see the crossover cable connection more clear in the following diagram. The following connections are made to make a crossover cable.

  • Connector A Pin 1 <-> Connector B Pin 3
  • Connector A Pin 2 <-> Connector B Pin 6
  • Connector A Pin 3 <-> Connector B Pin 1
  • Connector A Pin 6 <-> Connector B Pin 2
Crossover Wiring Scheme

Crossover Cable Usage

Crossover cable is used for different cases where which are depicted with the following diagrams.

  • Switch to Switch
  • Switch to Hub
  • Hub to Hub
  • Router to Router
  • Router to PC
  • PC to PC
Crossover Cable Usage

Patch (Straight) Cable vs Crossover Cable

Crossover cable is the alternative of the Straight or Patch Cable. They are using the same cables with different pinouts were used for a different type of connections.

  • The crossover uses different pinout for the ends like if one end is T-568A another end should be T-568B but in straight cable, both ends will be the same pinout like if one end is T-568A the other end will be T-568A too.
  • Crossover cable will be used the same type devices where Straight cable is used for a different type of devices where a crossover of the pins are not required.
LEARN MORE  What Is RJ45 Connector?

Auto MDI Standard For Automatic Crossover

Auto MDI is a technology where the cable type can be detected and configured automatically with the software on the network interface card. This is very useful where a crossover cable can be used to connect different types of devices by using Auto MDI technology. Auto MDI is provided by the network interface card. Today most of the network ports like modem, pc, laptop, switch, router use the auto MDI where there is no need to find proper cable type.

Leave a Comment