Dial-Up is a network connection that uses the copper lines or phone lines to connect remote systems. Dial-up was used to connect the internet during the 1990s even created a lot of time ago.
Dial-up history goes back to the 1950s. First, dial-up modems are created for military purposes. There was no commercial use for this type of modem. Their speed was very low about 110-300 bps.
Commercial dial-up modems are created and used in the 1960s. Bell 103 modem was very popular which provide a maximum 300 bps speed.
The 1990s were the golden age of the dial-up internet and connection where they are used by millions of people. They are mainly used to access the internet like website browsing, download, email, radio listening, etc.
In 1996 the 56Kbps Modem is commercially released which was considered the fastest internet connection at that time. Also 33.6 Kbps and 28.8 Kbps modems server for a wide range of people.
Dial-Up Service is provided by the
Internet Service Provider or
ISP in most of the cases. As its name suggest ISP provides internet service via dial-up. In order to use a dial-up service, there are some requirements. The
modem is one of the most important parts where the dial-up connection will establish and data transmission occurs. Also, a telephone line requires to transmit data.
The most important part of a dial-up internet connection is the modem. The modem is the short form of the Modulator and Demodulator which will simply make some electrical signal processing in order to convert digital signals into analog and analog signals into digital. Phone lines transmit analog signals where computers use digital signals. So modem sits between then to convert analog and digital signals via verse.
One of the most important parts of a Modem is speed.
With the popularity of modems fax-modem devices for computers are invented which can directly connect to computers. This type of modems was cheaper and easy to manage which does not require extra NIC or Ethernet card for the computer. Below a PCI connection type fax-modem card which has RJ-11 connection ports which is used for phones too.
RJ-11is the connection type of the dial-up or fax-modems. It is used to connect the dial-up line or phone line to the modem. The other end is directly connected to the local ISP device named POP.
Advantages Of Dial-Up Internet
Even old technology dial-up connections provide some advantages.
Availability is an important advantage of the dial-up where another type of cable or wireless connection can not get. As a cheap technology dial-up connection can be provided remote areas easily and with less cost.
A dial-up connection is
cheap in most of the cases. If you do not require high-speed internet it will work for you.
Dedicated IP address is another advantage where for every internet connection the dial-up customer will be assigned a dedicated public IP address.
Disadvantages Of Dial-Up Internet
As an old technology dial-up provides some disadvantages.
Speed of the dial-up connection is very low according to alternative internet connections like DSL, Fiber, MetroEthernet, Satellite Internet, 5G, etc.
Setup is hard according to the other internet connection technologies because finding a dial-up modem is very hard today.
Phone Line is blockedduring usage of the dial-up internet can not receive or send calls when you are online.
Dial-up can be
costly in some cases because of some ISP’s bills even the internet connection usage duration. More usage times will bill more.