What Is Fedora (Linux Operating System/Distribution)?


Fedora is a Linux based operating system which provides innovative, free, and open-source platform for hardware, pc, laptop, cloud, and containers. Fedora is also called a Linux distribution where it uses the Linux kernel as the core of the operating system.

Fedora History

Fedora distribution is officially released on 6 November 2003 for the first time. Fedora was a volunteer project which was providing extra software for the Red Hat distribution. When the Red Hat Linux was discontinued the Fedora Linux project is launched as a Linux distribution. As Red Hat Enterprise Linux sponsors the Fedora Project, Fedora is a trademark of Red Hat Inc. The most recent version of Fedora is Fedora 32 as writing this post which is released on 28 April 2020.

What Is Fedora Used For?

Fedora Distribution is used for different cases. It is mainly used by enterprise-level users who also use the Red Hat Enterprise Linux or CentOS. Fedora provides more user-friendly experience then RHEL or CentOS. Fedora is also used for different projects like Web Servers, Database Servers, Proxy, VMs, etc.

Is Ubuntu Better Than Fedora?

Well, actually the question may be a bit wrong. The question must be which is more suitable for me? In general Ubuntu and Fedora projects have very similar core values but their methodologies are a bit different. Ubuntu is more popular than Fedora with a more user-friendly and smooth experience. Ubuntu software is a bit outdated according to Fedora and Ubuntu is controlled by the company named Canonical which is mainly managed for enterprise aims.

Fedora Versions

From November 2003 to the April 2021 following Fedora versions are released or to be released. Below you can find Fedora versions released information with End-of-life date, Linux Kernel Version and GNOME Desktop environment version.

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Version (Code name)ReleaseEnd-of-lifeKernelGNOME
1 (Yarrow)2003-11-052004-09-202.4.222.4
2 (Tettnang)2004-05-182005-04-112.6.52.6
3 (Heidelberg)2004-11-082006-01-162.6.92.8
4 (Stentz)2005-06-132006-08-072.6.112.10
5 (Bordeaux)2006-03-202007-07-022.6.152.14
6 (Zod)2006-10-242007-12-072.6.182.16
7 (Moonshine)2007-05-312008-06-132.6.212.18
8 (Werewolf)2007-11-082009-01-072.6.232.20
9 (Sulphur)2008-05-132009-07-102.6.252.22
10 (Cambridge)2008-11-252009-12-182.6.272.24
11 (Leonidas)2009-06-092010-06-252.6.292.26
12 (Constantine)2009-11-172010-12-022.6.312.28
13 (Goddard)2010-05-252011-06-242.6.332.30
14 (Laughlin)2010-11-022011-12-082.6.352.32
15 (Lovelock)2011-05-242012-06-262.6.383.0
16 (Verne)2011-11-082013-02-123.13.2
17 (Beefy Miracle)2012-05-292013-07-303.33.4
18 (Spherical Cow)2013-01-152014-01-143.63.6
19 (Schrödinger’s Cat)2013-07-022015-01-063.93.8
20 (Heisenbug)2013-12-172015-06-233.113.10
212014-12-092015-12-013.173.14
222015-05-262016-07-194.03.16
232015-11-032016-12-204.23.18
242016-06-212017-08-084.53.20
252016-11-222017-12-124.83.22
262017-07-112018-05-294.113.24
272017-11-142018-11-304.133.26
282018-05-012019-05-284.163.28
292018-10-302019-11-264.183.30
302019-05-072020-05-265.03.32
312019-10-29N/A5.33.34
322020-04-28N/A5.63.36
332020-10-20N/AN/AN/A
342021-04-20N/AN/AN/A

Fedora Editions

As a free, open-source, and community project Fedora distribution is provided as different editions for different use cases. Fedora Workstation Edition and Fedora Server Edition are official Fedora Editions and natively supported by the Fedora Core Community. Fedora CoreOS Edition , Fedora SilverBlue Edition , Fedora IoT Edition are created by the Fedora Community and supported by the community.

Fedora Workstation Edition is designed for Users, Administrators, Application Developers. Fedora Workstation Edition provides a reliable, user-friendly, and powerful desktop environment for PC, Workstation, Laptop. Most of the users with no specific requirements prefer the Workstation editions. Fedora Workstation Edition provides sleek user information with the GNOME 3 Desktop Environment. But you can also install and use other desktop environments like KDE, XFCE, LXDE, and others easily. It also provides other modern technologies like Virtualization, Containers, and Application Development Tools.

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Fedora Server Edition is designed for server environments in order to run different applications, services, virtualization, and containers in a reliable and durable way. Fedora Server Edition can be run on bare metal PC, Laptop, Server, Workstation hardware or as a virtual machine. Fedora Server Editions provides a short-lifecycle, community-supported server operating system with the most recent application versions and updates. Fedora Server Edition provides easy administration tools alongside command-line tools. The cockpit is a web-based GUI to manage Fedora Server Edition. Also, Enterprise Domain technologies like Windows Active Directory can be created with FreeIPA which is an open-source domain controller.

Fedora CoreOS Edition is automatically updating, the minimal operating system for containerized workloads in a secure and scalable way.

Fedora SilverBlue Edition is the immutable version of the Fedora Workstation Edition where applications are installed as containers and only containers are changed, updated during usage of the Fedora SilverBlue.

Fedora IoT Edition is a Fedora version designed for low resource IoT hardware and ecosystem. Fedora IoT can be used at smart homes, industrial gateways, smart cities, etc. projects. Fedora IoT Edition is a rolling release distribution to keep the system always up-to-date. Fedora IoT is provided for x86_64 and ARM aarch64 architectures.

Fedora Software

Fedora is a mature Linux distribution where it comes with a wide range of software list. Fedora provides differen types of software and categories from office tools to design software. Libre Office is installed as default office suite which provides Writer for Documents, Calc for Tables etc. Firefox comes as installed web browser to surf on the internet.

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Fedora Package Management

Fedora is a RPM based distributions where software and tools are installed as RPM package in most of the cases. Yum and Dnf tools are used to download, install ,update, remove RPM packages by intelligently managing package dependencies.

Fedora Security

Fedora uses standard Linux security mechanism like ACL and also provides extra security with the SELinux. Fedora packages are updated for security bugs very fast.

Fedora Architectures

As a Linux distribution Fedora supports different CPU and hardware architectures. For a long time Fedora and versions supported x86-64 and ARM but with the Fedora 26 release ARM AArch64, IBM Power64, IBM Power64, IBM Z, MIPS-64, MIJPS, RISC-V.

Fedora Support

Fedora has a big and active community from different levels of expertise. You can get help or support from the ask.fedoraproject.org which provides community-driven question-and-answers. If you need more interactive and conversational support you can take a look at the Fedora Forum site  discussion.fedoraproject.org. Also, Reddit Fedora Channel, Telegram Group, Discord Group, Facebook Group can be used for further help.

Fedora Pricing, Yes Its Free

Fedora is an open-source and community project which uses the Linux kernel. So these attributes make Fedora a free operating system. As stated previously Fedora project is supported by Red Hat Inc. for different project costs.

Fedora Rawhide

Fedora Rawhide is the development tree of the Fedora where experimental or tested software is provided. Fedora Rawhide is more recent than other Fedora editions but generally provides less or untested packages and software.

Fedora Reddit Channel

As a popular project Fedora has a Reddit channel in order to share, communicate and talk about Fedora related topics. There you can find interesting and popular topics like “How To Install Fedora on Windows WSL2?” , “Verifying Signature of Softwares from Flatpack” or “The latest version of the Fedora is released” which is currently Fedora 33.

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