What Is mtime In Linux and Find Command?

Linux operating system and related technologies and tools provide modification time of the files, folders, executables etc. mtime is an attribute used by files, directories and different type of files like text, binary etc. In this tutorial, we will learn how to use mtime attribute with Linux find and related commands.

Modification Time (mtime)

Files and folders are modified in different time during the usage of Linux system. This modification time is stored by the file system like ext3, ext4, btrfs, fat, ntfs etc. Modification time is used for different purposes like backup, change management etc.

List Modification Time (mtime)

As modification time is stored by the file system we can list the modification time of the files and folders. We will use regular ls command with the -l option which will list modification time.

List Modification Time (mtime)

List Modification Time (mtime)

Find Command According To mtime

find command is used to search and find files and directories according to their modification time. We will use -mtime option with the find command. We can provide the time we want to search. In this example, we will search files and folders in the directory/etc those modified in the last 24 hour.

Find Command According To mtime

Find Command According To mtime

Find Less Then Specified Modification Time

If we want to find files those modified after given time we will use - with the time value. For example to find files and folders those modified before 12 hours we will use -12. In this example, we will list files and folders those modified at most 4 hours ago.

Find Less Then Specified Modification Time

Find Less Then Specified Modification Time

Find More Then Specified Modification Time

We can also find files and folders those modified before the specified time. For example, if we want to list files and folders those modified 6 hours and before we will use +6. In this example, we will list files and folders those are modified before 12 hours.

Find More Then Specified Modification Time

Find More Then Specified Modification Time

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