What Is Python (Programming Language and Features)?
Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level programming language that is very popular amongst developers. Python is especially used for Rapid Application Development. Features like easy learning, wide library support, cross-platform, easy deployment make Python the choice for the developers.
Python programming language does not have a very long history. Here we will provide the history of the Python with important dates.
- Guido Van Rossum started to development of the Python implementation in 1989.
- The first public version of the Python is created with version 0.9.0 in 1991
- The first reliable version Python 1.0 is released with features lambda, map, filter and reduce in 1994.
- The second major version Python 2.0 is released with features list comprehensions, garbage collection in 2000.
- The latest major version Python 3.0 which brings a lot of different features is released on December 3, 2008.
Well, in this part we will talk about the Python features which can take a lot of talk and space.
Python is a scripting language where it does not requires a compilation to run created code. Actually it has an internal implicit compilation which makes our code/script faster for multiple runs. But from the user point of view just running code/script will work seamlessly.
Easy To Learn
One of the Python main goals is to make programming easy by using human-friendly syntax and structures. Python is very easy to learn where most of the users outside of the programming learn the Python for its simplicity.
Python is a very popular programming language because of its simplicity, library support and other features described below. Also which makes Python popular is it can be used everywhere from webserver to Raspberry Pi to a Windows GUI application or big data applications.
Open Source and Free
Python is created as Open Source Project and programming language where all the tools are provided freely without a fee. built-in and 3rd party libraries of the Python are provided as free too.
Fast Development Process
Python provides very fast application development abilities where it provides cost, time advantages to the startups and corporates. Creating development and starting development can take very little time with tools like pip, easy_install, etc. There are a lot of previously created libraries and code samples that will eliminate to development of them again and again.
Large Selection Of Builtin-Libraries
Python provides a rich builtin library collection from cryptography to text processing. Python programming language provides all required base libraries as battery included.
Large Selection Of 3rd Party Libraries
Python also has a lot of 3rd party libraries where builtin-libraries do not meet our requirements. From big data to excel manipulation, from network packet generation to web scraping there are a lot of advanced 3rd libraries provided for Python.
Large and Helpfull Community
With the help of the big user base, Python has a very large and helpful community. Every problem is solved with technical or development efforts. You can even find a lot of scripts and code which will meet your requirement one on one without an effort.
A Lot Of Python Based Popular Projects
As a popular programming language, there are a lot of big projects based on Python. The following projects are using Python as main programming language.
Djangois a web development framework
Flaskis a web interface development framework
Jupyter Notebookis a script/code management tool
Python is a cross-platform language where it can be used for different operating systems platforms and architectures. Currently, Python supports Windows, Linux, Ubuntu, Mint, Debian, Kali, Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat, BSD, MacOS, Raspberry Pi, etc. with X86, x8_64, and ARM CPU architectures.
Python2 vs Python3
Even Python does not have a very long history currently there is two major or the main version of Python named and numbered as Python2 and Python3. Python2 was the default and first choice up to recent years. But for a few years, Python3 is the default choice for development. Python2 code and libraries can be converted to Python3 with some tools but this can be tricky work.
How Python Used?
As Python is a general-purpose programming language it is used in a wide range of areas. With the enormous 3rd party libraries Python is used for the following cases.
- System Administration script development.
- Web Application Development like Django
- Big Data Applications like Panda
- Web Scraping like Scrapy
- Web Browsers like Firefox
- Search Engines like Google
- Cloud Management Applications like OpenStack
- Infrastructure Automation like Ansible
- Desktop Softwares like Calibre and OpenShot
- Interactive Media Services like Netflix
- Finance like CapitalOne, Bloomberg and JPMorgan
- Space Applications like NASA
- Mathematics and Science Applications like Jupiter Book
Python is a new language that is actually similar to the its predecessors. There are a lot of similarities but also differences with these old programming languages. In this part, we will compare the Python Programming Language with the PHP, Ruby, Java, Perl Programming Languages.
Python vs PHP
PHP is another scripting language that is mostly used for web development. Python syntax is a lot different than PHP where Python provides more human-friendly and reable syntax and keywords. PHP is object-oriented but not complete as Python. PHP is specially designed for web development which is very efficient and comfortable. Using PHP in different areas except the Web is harder.
Python vs Ruby
Ruby is another interpreted programming language where it provides very similar to the Python. Both Python and Ruby languages are object-oriented and general purpose. Python provides more readability and flexibility during development and error which makes it superior to Ruby.
Python vs Java
Python and Java are both object-oriented programming languages with huge library support But they are running in different categories where Java can be named as semi compiled and semi interpreted language which requires some effort to run Java code. Java generally used critical enterprise applications wich requires high-level reliability and testing.