We are all using Windows operating system. I am actually using Linux operating system named Fedora but as you expect I use Windows operating systems too. Windows operating systems are popular and supported for a long time after their releases. This makes the IT environment very homogene about Windows operating system version. A middle size IT environment will have all version of windows operating system especially in the client side. How can we decide the Windows operating system versions?
There are different ways to find out what version of Windows operating systems we are using. We will look some of them below.
System information window is one of the most detailed way to get information and data about Windows operating system version. It also provides other information like Processor, memory BIOS etc. We can quickly open this system information window with the following command in the command run box.
As we can see from output Our operating system is Windows 7 and Ultimate . Also there is information about the build and service pack.
We can also run
systeminfo command line version to get operating system information.
$ systeminfo | findstr /C:"OS"
MS-DOS Command Line
Another way to get more practical information is using command line cmd. We will provide
ver command like below.
But as we can see there will be less information about the windows version and there is no name like
Wmi is very detailed tool used to get and set a lot of system related information. We can also use wmi to get windows operating system version like below.
$ wmic os get Caption,CSDVersion /value
Using Control Panel System Page
We can also use GUI in order to find Windows version we are using. In the
System page provides useful information about the system. We can check this page for Windows major and Minor version like Home, Professional, Enterprise, Student etc.
Windows is 30 year old operating system family. It has release with different versions. We will provide last 25 years of versions with the screenshot.
Windows 98 is old architecture version of Windows operating system family and currently not avaible but in very rare situations we can see it under the rocks.
Windows ME or Millenium Edition is enhanced version of Windows 98. But uses same kernel and provides same experience with the Windows 98.
Windows XP is the king of the Windows operating system family. I has heen released in 2001 . It is used around %20 currently. This is an incredible amount for a 18 years old operating system.
Windows Vista is an intermediate Windows version which is not gained a wide spread usage. It has some bugs and bad user experience which made it less popular than Windows XP and Windows 7. But Windows Vista provided new kernel architecture to the Windows 7.
Windows 7 is build on Windows Vista by solving issues of Vista. It is the second king of the Windows operating system family after Windows XP. It is very popular against long time of its availability.
Windows 8 and Windows 8.1
Windows 8 and 8.1 is designed from scratch to make Windows Operating system perfect. Windows 8.1 is a major upgrade to the Windows 8 without a license fee. Windows 8 usage is low because of upgrade options to the Windows 10 and some bad user experience.
Windows 10 is the latest Windows operating system currently. It provides a lot of features and security to the users.