Windows Chkdsk Utility Tutorial with Examples To Fix File System Errors – POFTUT

Windows Chkdsk Utility Tutorial with Examples To Fix File System Errors

Check Disk or chkdsk command is used to detect FAT16, FAT32, NTFS file system related errors and fix them. Chkdsk can not recover corrupted files which are a hard situation. Chkdsk can be run from the command line or from GUI but the command line use is the most practical way.

Syntax

Syntax of chkdsk is very simple. There is two types of parameters like OPTIONS and VOLUME.

  • OPTIONS is used to specify the behavior of the chkdsk command.
  • VOLUME is the drive, partition or volume we want to operate with the chkdsk command.

Schedule Check Disk At System Start

One of the most popular use case for chkdsk is scheduling a check at the system startup or restart. Because we can not check system volume which is generally C: at run time. Before mounting the volume the check operation is done.

Schedule Check Disk At System Start

Schedule Check Disk At System Start

Fix Errors On Disk

File systems used to store files and folders, user data in an appropriate way. file systems have very complex structure related to their features. Shutdown down a system an unexpected way Halting system, disk related issues may create errors in file systems. We can simply use /F option with the volume name which is D: in this example.

Fix Errors On Disk

Fix Errors On Disk

Locate Bad Sector

Disk drives store data in sectors. Each sector holds some data according to its size configuration. Disk drives can lose some of their sectors in time. This is physical damage so it can not be fixed in a physical way. We can locate and label these sectors as bad sectors and prevent them to be used by the file system. We can do this with /R option. In this example, we check bad sectors of volume D:

Locate Bad Sector

Locate Bad Sector

Force Unmount Of Volume, Partition or Disk

While doing disk related operations we need to unmount the volume in order to prevent unexpected errors. Checking mounted volumes and file systems will create conflicts. We can unmount the filesystem and volume before the operation with /X option.

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Force Unmount Of Volume

Force Unmount Of Volume

Fast Check Of Volume, Partition or Disk

Checking of the file system and disk errors may take some time. By default, chkdsk uses very detailed check procedures. But some of them are not necessary in most cases. We can prevent to use unneeded checks to make check faster. We will use /I  /C for checking in a fast way.

Fast Check Of Volume, Partition or Disk

Fast Check Of Volume, Partition or Disk

Check Disk In Verbose Manner

Verbose mode provides more detailed information about the current operation. We can get details with /V option.

Check Disk In Verbose Manner

Check Disk In Verbose Manner

1 Response

  1. 19/11/2018

    […] Windows Chkdsk Utility Tutorial with Examples To Fix File System Errors […]

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